Experience of the Crane Steel Wire Ropes Non-Destructive Tests
Pavel Peterka 1  
Jozef Krešák 1  
Marek Vojtko 2  
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Technical University of Košice, Kosice, Slovak Republic
Slovak Academy of Science,Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Republic
Pavel Peterka   

Technical University of Košice, Park Komenskeho 14, 043 84 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Publish date: 2018-12-01
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2018; 12(4):157–163
The non-destructive tests (NDT) of the steel wire ropes put on the crane pulley blocks comprise more than a half of our NDT services. The intensive utilization of cranes often leads to critical situations endangering health and safety at work. The operators are forced to provide safety use of the cranes due to the new cranes constructions, the new construction of the block pulley and put on the new steel wire rope constructions. The NDT tests of the crane steel wire ropes are coordinate by the Standard ISO 4309. We have experienced only the crane steel wire ropes with an individual wire rope core during our NDT tests so far. The visual NDT test usually used is ineffective to the steel wire ropes with this construction. Based on our previous experience it can be confirmed that surface ruptures are produced after the disintegration of wires inside of a rope; it often leads to the rope abruption during its operation. The reduction of the pulley block dimensions often leads to the problem of the multi-axis rope bending. This kind of the rope line in the pulley block causes the increase of the fretting fatigue of the wires and the rope strands. The same type of the stress is created when the death ends of the rope are badly constructed.