CNG INJECTOR RESEARCH FOR DUAL FUEL ENGINE
 
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1
Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,, Nadbystrzycka 36, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
2
Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Biała Podlaska, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Adam Majczak   

Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,, Nadbystrzycka 36, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Publish date: 2017-03-03
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2017; 11(1):212–219
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ABSTRACT
The article presents the tests results of the prototype design of hydraulically assisted injector, that is designed for gas supply into diesel engines. The construction of the injector allows for it positioning in the glow plug socket, so that the gas is injected directly into the combustion chamber. The cycle analysis of the four-cylinder Andoria ADCR engine with a capacity of 2.6 dm3 for different crankshaft rotational speeds allowed to determine the necessary time for fuel injection. Because of that, it was possible to determine the required mass flow rate of the injector, for replacing as much of the original fuel by gaseous fuel. To ensure a high value of flow inside the injector, supply pressure equal to 1 MPa was applied. High gas supply pressure requires high value of valve opening forces. For this purpose a injector with hydraulic control system, using a liquid under pressure for the opening process was designed. On the basis of air pressure measurements in the flow line after the injector, the analysis of opening and closing of the valve was made. Measurements of outflow mass of the injector were also carried out. The results showed that the designed injector meets the requirements necessary to supply ADCR engine by the CNG fuel.