The effect of Vibratory Shot Peening on the Geometric Structure of the Surface of Elements Machined by Laser and Abrasive Water Jet Cutting
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Lublin University of Technology
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Agnieszka Skoczylas   

Lublin University of Technology
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2023; 17(5)
Elements machined by laser and abrasive water jet cutting sometimes require the use of a finishing treatment. One of the finishing methods for machined elements is vibratory shot peening (VSP). This paper presents the influence of VSP technological conditions on the surface topography and surface roughness (parameters Ra and Rsk) of aluminium alloy AW-7075 samples. Experiments were carried out according to the following plan: first, vibratory shot peening (VSP) was conducted using balls with a diameter d = 3 mm, 6 mm and 9 mm. Then, the surfaces of the samples after VSP (treated with 6 mm diameter balls) were subjected to re-vibratory shot peening (RVSP). As a result of vibratory shot peening, the Ra parameter of the specimens after laser cutting decreased by 71% to 91%, while for the AWJ-treated elements it decreased by 56% to 85%. The additional operation decreased the Ra parameter in the entry zone by 4% to 6% for the samples after laser cutting and by 5% to 7% for the samples after AWJ, when compared to the Ra value after single vibratory shot peening conducted using balls with d=6 mm. After VSP and RVSP, the surface topography of the samples changed. Vibratory shot peening led to the creation of "striations" on the shot-peened surface that could not be completely removed. The re-vibratory shot peening operation (for specific conditions) had a positive effect on the geometric structure of the surface of the elements after cutting. Both VSP and RVSP caused reduction in the analysed 3D surface roughness parameters.