Effect of PVP and Polybond Compatibilizers on Dynamic Properties of Polymer Blends Analyzed with DMTA
Adam Gnatowski 1  
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Czestochowa University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science 21 Armii Krajowej Av 42-200 Czestochowa Poland
Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences 13/15 Armii Krajowej Av, 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
Publish date: 2018-03-01
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2018; 12(1):36–40
The properties of the polymer blends depend significantly on the type of the components. That kind of influence is manifested especially in the change of physical properties. The crucial condition for reaching the homogeneity and the properties of a polymer material is its mutual miscibility. Additional agents that make mixing easier are usually applied. They have reactive effect which results in a chemical modification of output polymer along with the change in its chemical structure and the structure of macrochains. In order to achieve this within the confines of the carried research, the polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and polybond has been used. Some results concerning mechanical properties of polypropylene (PP) and polyamide (PA) blends with the addition of PVP and polybond are presented in the paper. In case of mixing PP with PVP, the hydrophobic interactions occur in the created macromolecules with the participation of the hydrocarbon chains. In case of mixing PA with PVP, the PVP solution in PA is created, with strong intermolecular interactions, including the hydrogen ones. The intermolecular interactions occur and they differently influence parameters of the modified materials in the blends on the basis of such polymers. Therefore the aim of the research was to evaluate the influence of the compatibilizers such as PVP and Polybond 3150 on the dynamic properties of PP/PA blends. The analysis of dynamic proprieties of polymer blends was performed with the Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA). The mixing of polymers in different proportions with compatibilizers (PVP, Polybond 3150) results in materials of completely different properties in comparison to the base materials. Detailed results concerning response to sinusoidal load in function of temperature and frequency are presented in the paper.
Marcin Sosnowski   
Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, 13/15 Armii Krajowej Av, 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland