RESEARCH ON THE INFLUENCE OF BLOWING AGENT ON SELECTED PROPERTIES OF EXTRUDED CELLULAR PRODUCTS
Tomasz Garbacz 1  
,  
Tomasz Jachowicz 1  
,  
Ivan Gajdoš 2  
,  
 
 
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1
Department of Polymer Processing, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 36 Nadbystrzycka St., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
2
Technical University of Košice, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Technologies and Management, Mäsiarska 74 Str., 04001 Košice, Slovakia
3
Student Scientific Circle of Polymer Processing, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 36 Nadbystrzycka St., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Publish date: 2015-11-27
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2015; 9(28):81–88
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
As a part of a more comprehensive research project, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the type and content of blowing agents in the polymeric materials being processed on the structure and selected physical and mechanical properties of the obtained extrusion parts. In the experiment, the content of the blowing agent (0–2.0% by mass), fed into the processed polymer were adopted as a variable factor. In the studies presented in the article, the blowing agents of endothermic decomposition characteristics (Hydrocerol BIH 70, Hydrocerol BM 70) and the exothermic decomposition characteristics (PLC 751) occurring in the granulated form with a diameter of 1.2 to 1.8 mm were used. Based on the results of investigating porosity, porous structure image analysis as well as microscopic examination of the structure, it has been found that the favorable content of the blowing agent in the polymeric material should be of up to 0.8% by mass. With such a content of the blowing agent in the polymeric material, favorable strength properties are retained in porous parts, the pore distribution is uniform and the pores have similar sizes.
 
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