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Lublin University of Technology, 36 Nadbystrzycka St., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Technical University in Košice, 74 Mäsiarska St., 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 St. Bandery St., Lviv, Ukraine
University of Zilina, 1 Univerzitna St., 010 26 Zilina, Slovakia
Publication date: 2014-06-05
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2014; 8(22):60–65
In recent years, cellular extrusion of polymers has been one of the fastest growing processing methods. It is used especially to obtain sections, bars, pipes and cellular coatings free from strains on the product surface, displaying reduced density and minimum shrinkage, at the same time maintaining similar properties of products extruded in a conventional way. In order to obtain cellular structure, product properties are modified by application of proper plastics or adding blowing agents. The article provides a description of manufacturing processes of cellular product. It gives characteristics of blowing agents used in the extrusion process and of processing conditions. Also, it discusses selected results of examined properties of the obtained cellular products. As part of the modernization of the cellular extrusion technology the extrusion head was designed and made. During the designing and modeling of the head the Auto CAD programe was used. After the prototyping the extrusion head was tested. In the article specification of cellular extrusion process of thermoplastics was presented. In the research, the endothermal chemical blowing agents in amount 1,0% by mass were used. The quantity of used blowing agent has a direct influence on density and structure of the extruded product of modified polymers. However, these properties have further influence on porosity, impact strength, hardness, tensile strength and another.