PL EN
Modelling Hydrocarbons Cold-Start Emission from Passenger Cars
 
More details
Hide details
1
Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, ul. Narbutta 84, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Building Services, Hydro and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, ul. Nowowiejska 20, 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Environmental Protection - National Research Institute, ul. Chmielna 132/134, 00-805 Warsaw, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Piotr Laskowski   

Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, ul. Narbutta 84, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland
Publication date: 2021-09-01
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2021; 15(3):117–125
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is to present the results of mathematically modelling the influence of ambient temperature on hydrocarbons (HCs, comprised of methane and non-methane volatile organic compounds) in cold-start emissions from passenger cars (PCs) for different fuel types, vehicle segments including hybrid vehicles, and the Euro standard. In this article the simulations are performed using COPERT software, assuming ambient temperatures from 20◦C to +30◦C, with 5◦C intervals. The modelling results presented show that a change in ambient temperature has a significant effect on hydrocarbons in cold-start emissions. Furthermore, our results show that hydrocarbons emissions are sensitive to ambient temperature fluctuations, and dependent on fuel type, vehicle segment, and the Euro standard.