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Design Principles of Horizontal Drum Machines with Low Vibration
Ilona Drach 1  
,   Andrii Goroshko 2  
,   Renata Dwornicka 3  
 
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1
Software Engineering Department, Khmelnytskyi National University, 11 Institutska st, Khmelnitskyi, 29016, Ukraine
2
Physics and Electrical Engineering Department, Khmelnytskyi National University, 11 Institutska st, Khmelnitskyi, 29016, Ukraine
3
Department of Applied Computer Science, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, 37 Jana Pawla II, 31-864 Krakow, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Andrii Goroshko   

Khmelnytskyi National University, 11 Institutska st, Khmelnitskyi, 29016, Ukraine
Publication date: 2021-06-01
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2021; 15(2):258–268
 
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ABSTRACT
Using the example of washing machines using the linear theory of vibrations, the dynamics of horizontal rotary drum machines is investigated and the basic requirements for their layout are formulated to reduce vibration activity. The mathematical equations of vibrations of the multiply connected system tub-drum on elastic suspensions are compiled for main types of washing machines and centrifuges with horizontal axis of rotation. The problem is solved in a linear setting based on the Lagrange equation of the second kind. The accuracy and adequacy of the mathematical model was tested directly on a full-scale object by measuring noise, vibrations, support forces and stress distribution in individual elements and units of the washing machine in the entire range of drum rotation frequencies. Investigations of the nature of system vibrations depending on changes in the position and attachment points of elastic and damping elements were carried out using simulation in the Simulink environment. As a result of the research, the basic requirements for the layout of horizontal rotary drum machines were experimentally confirmed. Experimental verification was carried out to confirm the results obtained. It has been experimentally proven that the improvement of the experimental setup to reduce its vibration activity increases the efficiency of using direct-acting liquid autobalancers.