COMBINING FUZZY AND CELLULAR LEARNING AUTOMATA METHODS FOR CLUSTERING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK TO INCREASE LIFE OF THE NETWORK
Javad Aramideh 1  
,   Hamed Jelodar 2  
 
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1
Department of Computer Engineering, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2
Department of Computer Engineering, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
Publication date: 2014-11-23
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2014; 8(24):1–8
 
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ABSTRACT
Wireless sensor networks have attracted attention of researchers considering their abundant applications. One of the important issues in this network is limitation of energy consumption which is directly related to life of the network. One of the main works which have been done recently to confront with this problem is clustering. In this paper, an attempt has been made to present clustering method which performs clustering in two stages. In the first stage, it specifies candidate nodes for being head cluster with fuzzy method and in the next stage, the node of the head cluster is determined among the candidate nodes with cellular learning automata. Advantage of the clustering method is that clustering has been done based on three main parameters of the number of neighbors, energy level of nodes and distance between each node and sink node which results in selection of the best nodes as a candidate head of cluster nodes. Connectivity of network is also evaluated in the second part of head cluster determination. Therefore, more energy will be stored by determining suitable head clusters and creating balanced clusters in the network and consequently, life of the network increases.