Analysis of the Possibilities of Improving the Selected Properties Surface Layer of Butt Joints Made Using the FSW Method
Magdalena Bucior 1  
,  
Rafał Kluz 1  
,  
Andrzej Kubit 1  
,  
Kamil Ochał 1  
 
 
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Rzeszow University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, al. Powstańców Warszawy 8, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Magdalena Bucior   

Rzeszow University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, al. Powstańców Warszawy 8, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Publication date: 2020-03-01
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2020; 14(1):1–9
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ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of an analysis of the influence of technological parameters of pneumatic shot peening technology on the selected properties of a surface layer of butt joints made with Friction stir welding (FSW) method. Butt joints made of two 2024 – T3 aluminum alloy sheets with the thickness of 1 mm were shot peened with glass beads. The experiments were carried out according to the statistical 3-level completed plan PS/DC 32. Technological parameters were changed in the range: pressure p = 0.4 – 0.6 MPa and peening time t = 1-3 min. As a result of the conducted research, adequate equations describing the effect of the analyzed parameters on the surface roughness were obtained. Shot peening with glass beads reduced significantly the surface roughness from Ra = 5.2 µm to Ra = 1.42 µm. This treatment provides high compressive residual stresses and the increase of the surface layer hardness. The results show that shot peening is a highly efficient and cost-effective mechanical treatment used for improving mechanical properties of butt joints made with FSW method.