TRANSIENT FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION AND MICROSTRUCTURE EVOLUTION OF AA2219 WELD JOINT USING GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING PROCESS
 
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1
Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 620015, Tamilnadu, India
2
Welding Research Institute, BHEL, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India
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School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA University, Thanjavur, Tamilnadu, India
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Sathiya Paulraj   

Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 620015, Tamilnadu, India
Publish date: 2016-09-01
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2016; 10(31):64–73
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ABSTRACT
In this study we focus on finite element simulation of gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) of AA2219 aluminum alloy and the behavioral of the microstructure before and after weld. The simulations were performed using commercial COMSOL Multiphysics software. The thermal history of the weld region was studied by initially developed mathematical model. A sweep type meshing was used and transient analysis was performed for one welding cycle. The highest temperature noted was 3568 °C during welding. The welding operation was performed on 200×100×25 mm plates. Through metallurgical characterization, it was observed that a fair copper rich cellular (CRC) network existed in the weld region. A small amount of intermetallic compounds like Al2Cu is observed through the XRD pattern.