Technological Possibilities of the Carbide Tools Application for Precision Machining of WCLV Hardened Steel
Marcin Grabowski 1  
,   Józef Gawlik 1  
,   Joanna Krajewska-Śpiewak 1  
,   Sebastian Skoczypiec 1  
,   Piotr Tyczyński 2  
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Chair of Production Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland
Limatherm S.A., ul. Tarnowska 1, 34-600 Limanowa, Poland
Marcin Grabowski   

Chair of Production Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland
Publication date: 2022-01-02
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2022; 16(1):141–148
Precision milling of free (curved) surfaces with the use of monolithic milling cutters is used in the production of hardened steel elements such as dies, molds, or press tools. Precision milling processes are carried out with the following milling parameters: axial cutting depth ap <0.3 mm, cutting width ae <0.5 mm and the required machining accuracy below 40 µm. The quality of the obtained surfaces in injection molds is directly transferred to the quality of the molded part. One of the key criteria for the manufactured elements is the surface quality which is mainly assessed by the roughness parameters. Due to the use of carbide tools high reliability and quality of machining is obtained which allows to eliminate the grinding process. In precision milling processes, due to the very small radius of the cutting edge and the cross-sections of the cutting layers, the conditions that must be met for the decohesion process to occur are fundamentally different from macro-scale. The minimum value range of ap and ae parameters was determined in a carried-out experiment, which allows for stable and repeatable machining. The tests were carried out with double-edge shank cutters with a diameter of 6 mm on a workpiece made out of WCVL hardened steel 45-47 HRC. Recommended machining conditions have been defined to ensure the required technological quality of the surface layer. The research was financed under the research project POIR.01.01.01-00-0890/17 co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund.