State of the Art Compendium of Macro and Micro Energies
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Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia
Publication date: 2019-03-01
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Mushtaq Ahamd   

Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2019; 13(1):88-109
In the span of past few decades, the population, urbanization and industrialization have transformed the mankind living standard and dynamics of the nature. Certainly, energy is the basic need for all living organism. Energy is the route to economic growth. The evidence shows that countries have energy crises are left behind in the economic activities in the result people are depriving. This study has reviewed the available renewable energy resources and potential with positive and negative aspects. This study comprehensively discusses the renewable macro and micro energy resources studied in the past two decades reported in the various studies. The paper has divided into two sections first section discuss energy produce in the macro level and the second section discuss the energy produce using different strategies and techniques in micro level. The potential and positive outcome of the energy resources has identified. New paradigm of micro energies and significant important to reuse the available resource of micro energy using different resources like energy harvesting on the road surface, vibration, airflow, radio frequency and thermal energy etc. Lastly, the study focus is not only to review but also find the potential and opportunities for the researchers in the future to utilize the renewable energy resources.
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