HARDENING-RELATED DEFORMATIONS OF GEAR WHEELS AFTER VACUUM CARBURISING AND QUENCHING IN GAS
 
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1
Institute of Machine Tools and Production Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, 1/15 Stefanowskiego Street, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
2
Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, 1/15 Stefanowskiego Street, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
Publication date: 2017-03-03
 
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2017; 11(1):237–245
 
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of modern surface hardening technology is obtaining reproducible, precisely planned parameters of the carburized layer, minimizing the negative phenomena that result in dimensional changes after hardening and making it possible to determine the nature and magnitude of these changes. This concerns mainly the concept of single-piece flow in heat treatment applied for the purposes of mass production, employing a special autonomous 4D Quenching chamber for high pressure gas quenching (HPGQ). The main components of the 4D Quenching chamber include a system of cooling nozzles surrounding the processed item and providing a uniform inflow of cooling gas from all directions (3D) and a table rotating together with the item processed, contributing to uniform cooling (4D). Within the framework of this paper there was studied the impact of gear wheel quenching in a 4D Quenching chamber using nitrogen at pressure of 6 and 10 bar on changes in geometry. Geometric measurements of facewidth of gear, hole diameter and outside diameter were performed before and after carburization and quenching. The results obtained allowed us to determine the impact of quenching pressure inside a 4D Quenching chamber on dimensional changes in gear wheels analyzed. The thermo-chemical treatment resulted in a decrease in outside diameters and hole diameters measured and an increase in facewidth of gears.