Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Concrete with Pumice Aggregate
Malik Salman Shafiq 1  
,   Fasih Ahmed Khan 2  
,   Yasir Irfan Badrashi 2  
,   Fayaz Ahmed Khan 2  
,   Muhammad Fahim 1  
,   Asim Abbas 1,   Waqas Adil 1  
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CECOS University of I.T. and Emerging Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
Fasih Ahmed Khan   

University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
Publication date: 2021-06-01
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2021; 15(2):30–38
This paper presents the findings of a study carried out for evaluation of the mechanical behavior of lightweight concrete by the use of lightweight aggregate. Pumice, a rock resulting from cooling of lava, having entrapped air bubbles, has been used as a lightweight coarse aggregate. Evaluation of the mechanical behavior of the Pumice Lightweight Aggregate Concrete (PLWAC) has been carried out in comparison with the conventional concrete while comparing the mechanical properties of the two. Complete replacement of the coarse aggregate by volume had been carried out in the PLWAC. The testing regime consisted of conducting laboratory tests on concrete samples for evaluation of the mechanical properties including compressive strength, tensile stength, workability and dry density. It was concluded from the results that the use of lightweight aggregate resulted in a reduction in workability, as indicated by the slump test. Moreover, the dry density of PLWAC was also reduced by 30% as compared to the conventional concrete. A significant decrease (49%) in the compressive strength of PLWAC as compared to conventional concrete while a minor difference was observed in the tensile strenght of the two (2.9%). Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that PLWAC cannot be used in structures subjected to heavy loading conditions. However, PLWAC has a good potential to be used in low-cost structures with accompanying benefits of weight reduction.