Scores:
10
MNiSW
100
ICV
 
 

EFFECTS OF RAIN ATTENUATION ON SATELLITE COMMUNICATION LINK

G. N. Ezeh 1  ,  
U. H. Diala 1  
 
1
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Federal University of Technology Owerri, P.M.B. 1526, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2014; 8(22):1–11
Publish date: 2014-06-05
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Rain attenuation is a major challenge to microwave satellite communication especially at frequencies above 10 GHz, causing unavailability of signals most of the time. Rain attenuation predictions have become one of the vital considerations while setting up a satellite communication link. In this study, rain attenuation models, cumulative distribution curves and other analytical tools for successful prediction of rain attenuation are presented. A three year Rain rate data was obtained from the Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NIMET) database in addition to experimental data. Of the three prediction models used in the study, Ajayi model gave the range of values closest to the experimental data. A correctional factor was determined as 1.0988 and used to modify the Ajayi model. This modification to Ajayi’s model enabled its rain attenuation values conform more closely to the experimental result.
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