Cross‐Comparison of Evolutionary Algorithms for Optimizing Design of Sustainable Supply Chain Network under Disruption Risks
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University of Technology, Baghdad, 10066, Iraq
Atiya Al-Zuheri   

University of Technology, Baghdad, 10066, Iraq
Publication date: 2021-12-01
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2021; 15(4):342–351
Optimization of a sustainable supply chain network design (SSCND) is a complex decision-making process which can be done by the optimal determination of a set of decisions and constraints such as the selection of suppliers, transportation-related facilities and distribution centres. Different optimization techniques have been applied to handle various SSCND problems. Meta- heuristic algorithms are developed from these techniques that are commonly used to solving supply chain related problems. Among them, Genetic algorithms (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are implemented as optimization solvers to obtain supply network design decisions. This paper aims to compare the performance of these two evolutionary algorithms in optimizing such problems by minimizing the total cost that the system faces to potential disruption risks. The mechanism and implementation of these two evolutionary algorithms is presented in this paper. Also, using an optimization considers ordering, purchasing, inventory, transportation, and carbon tax cost, a numerical real-life case study is presented to demonstrate the validity of the effectiveness of these algorithms. A comparative study for the algorithms performance has been carried out based on the quality of the obtained solution and the results indicate that the GA performs better than PSO in finding lower-cost solution to the addressed SSCND problem. Despite a lot of research literature being done regarding these two algorithms in solving problems of SCND, few studies have compared the optimization performance between GA and PSO, especially the design of sustainable systems under risk disruptions.