Analysis of the Effect of Vacuum Pressure Variations on the Fluidity, form Ability, Hardness, and Density of the RTV 10A Silicon Rubber Composites with 30% Talc
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, Poland
Institute of Manufacturing Science, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Corresponding author
Marian Bartoszuk   

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, Poland
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 2024; 18(4):12-22
RTV 10A silicone rubber composites have many applications in forming many medical products and one of the recent applications is for orthotic insoles. This is because the RTV silicon rubber has excellent flexibility, elasticity, and resistance against splitting. However, these mechanical properties still need improvement when applied in certain medical applications. One way to improve mechanical properties is by adding talc. The process of mixing silicon rubber with talc requires special techniques to prevent the formation of porosity that may lead to unexpected mechanical properties. This porosity occurs due to trapped air during the mixing process or pouring into molds. Efforts to eliminate this porosity include Vacuum Die Casting (VDC) techniques. This study presents the mechanical properties improvement of RTV 10A silicon rubber composite with the addition of using 30% talc. The objective is to achieve a more convenient orthotic insole to reduce the pain in human foot joints during walking due to planar stress. This study aims to reduce the porosity and minimize the trapped air by adding 30% talc into RTV 10A silicone rubber composite using VDC. In the experiment, the pressure variation was determined at -0.04 MPa, -0.06 MPa, -0.08 MPa, and -0.1 MPa through a mold size of 45 mm in diameter and thickness of 7 mm. Fluidity, density, porosity, and hardness were tested during the experiment. The results show that by decreasing vacuum pressure, the density and the hardness increase. This is because the size and distribution of porosity are decreased and more homogeny. Furthermore, it also produces higher fluidity. However, the porosity of the specimen after vacuum casting is not partially filled.
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